“The principles of worm control are generally the same as for sheep, but there are additional challenges when it comes to worm control in goats. “Goats are usually more susceptible to worms than sheep. “This susceptibility can be partly ameliorated by their tendency to browse shrubs where they miss most of the infective worm larvae which occurs in the bottom 10 centimetres of pasture. “As with sheep, resistance of worms to drenches is very common and compounded by the lack of registered drenches for goats. “Goats tend to metabolise or eliminate drenches faster than sheep, which means goats often need a higher dose rate than sheep to achieve the same effect and with some drenches this can be a safety issue. “Drench resistance may be due to goats being treated more often, perhaps because they need more frequent treatment, especially if lacking in browse, and because drenches may be more commonly given at less than optimal dose rates. “It may also be the case that goats from different areas are traded more often, with the result that resistant worms from one area spread more rapidly to other areas.” There are six very important details to address in order to achieve effective worm control in goats as well as sheep: 1. Don’t import resistant worms – when buying goats or sheep from other properties, make sure they get an adequate quarantine treatment. This will mean a combination of unrelated broad-spectrum active drenches. A drench for liver fluke may also be required. 2. Do regular worm egg count monitoring, WormTest, to see if drenching is required or not. Don’t guess, WormTest. 3. Check the effectiveness of drenches, with a WormTest on or just before the day animals are drenched, followed by a WormTest 10 days later (DrenchCheck Day10). 4. Consider using combinations of broad-spectrum drenches rather than single active drenches. This doesn’t necessarily mean mixing different drenches in the same drum (which in some cases may be ill-advised). It may mean drenching with one product, followed immediately by another. 5. Animals with good genes and good nutrition cope much better with worms. 6. Use grazing management (e.g spelling, rotational grazing using cattle) to reduce exposure of animals to worm larvae In NSW drenches registered for goats include broad-spectrum drenches, benzimidazole (BZ) or ‘white’ family drenches, one drench with abamectin from the macrocyclic lactone (ML) group, one drench with morantel in the levamisole-morantel group and flukicides containing triclabendazole. Off-label usage of drenches requires advice on the safety, efficacy, dose rates, withholding periods and prescription from a veterinarian. Contact: Stephen Love, Armidale, (02) 6738 8519 or firstname.lastname@example.org (Content: S Love. ‘Wordsmithery’: B York). Do you smell? 🙂 http://www.smh.com.au/world/psychopaths-have-poor-sense-of-smell-20120921-26a7z.html History of sheep scab (Australia) This is interesting: http://sydney.edu.au/vetscience/avhs/milestones/sheep.pdf I believe Livestock Health Authorities in NSW have their origin in sheep scab eradication in NSW in the 19th century. (Something not yet achieved in some other countries). For most of their history, LHPAs were known as Pastures Protection Boards and, for a while, Rural Lands Protection Boards.