WRML.2016-01-22. WormFax-combination drenches-doing a DrenchTest-Australia Day videos-egg safety-rabbit virus-dogs die on cheap chow

In this (special Australia Day) issue:

  • WormFaxNSW
  • Combination drenches, incl calculator
  • Doing a DrenchTest
  • Australia day humour
  • Egg food safety
  • Rabbit calicivirus-new strain spreading
  • Dogs die on cheap chow?


December’s data is now on NSW DPI’s WormFax page, along with maps and explanatory notes:


Combination drenches—benefits and efficacy

Here (at WormBoss of course) is an article on combination drenches, including a combination drench efficacy calculator:


How to test drench efficacy in sheep


The process is similar in cattle, except you sample at day 14 after treatment, not 10-14 days, as in sheep and goats.

For checking efficacy of flukicides, collect faecal samples (for purposes of doing a fluke egg count) ~28 days after treatment.

Operation boomerang – Australia Day Lamb


For last years’s Australia Day promo featuring Richie Benaud (the best?), see the link in this issue of WRML:


New Claims Lamb Ad May Offend Chicken Eaters


Statement on egg food safety


New strain of Rabbit Calicivirus is spreading in Australia


Dog Descended From Wild Animals May Die If Not Fed $80-A-Bag Food





‘Specialist: someone who knows more and more about less and less ’till they know everything about nothing’​    (SL, pers comm)​


Carnivore: eats red meat?  Omnivore: eats red meat and chicken?



WRML.2016-01-15. liver fluke-nodule worm-survey farmer practices-Clunies Ross drench gun etc

In this issue:

  • Don’t forget liver fluke
  • Nodule worm – revised NSW DPI PrimeFact
  • Australian survey – how farmers manage worms
  • Clunies Ross drench gun
  • ParaBoss news: now in two editions
  • Knowing how your brain works can make you more productive
  • Star Wars: every scene from I-VI charted
  • Star Wars and worms
  • Local Land Services outperform DPI?
  • Abridged classics

Don’t forget liver fluke

A northern NSW sheep producer recently had deaths caused by liver fluke and is now madly drenching all his sheep to prevent further losses.
They normally don’t drench for liver fluke on this property because they rarely get confirmed deaths from liver fluke and are not aware it is a cause of ill-thrift.
They could be right of course, and it may not be economic for them to treat for fluke. However, as we know from roundworms, 80% of the losses to the Australian sheep industry from worms is from loss of production, much of which goes unnoticed, unless you deliberately measure productivity, for example, growth rates. The situation is similar with liver fluke: most of the cost is from reduced productivity.
The deaths in this case followed a classic pattern. Rainfall of late had been below average, and the sheep were grazing a lot in gullies and along creeks where the remaining ‘green pick’ was.   This is also the place for liver fluke.
This producer has a good vaccination program, so at least black disease, a clostridial disease which can be associated with liver fluke infections, did not become an extra problem.
It would be a good idea for this farmer to test for liver fluke a few times a year. Testing around the usual times to treat for liver fluke – April, August and February – would be a good start, and then review the situation after a couple of years.   Drenching all stock this April or May at least – when the cold weather starts – would be a good move too, especially if we get good rain in summer and autumn, which will increase numbers of liver fluke on pasture.
I have suggested that, 3-4 weeks after treating for liver fluke, he gets a fluke worm egg count done, as a rough test of drench efficacy. There are cases of flukicide resistance.
See here for example:
* https://wormmailinthecloud.wordpress.com/2014/11/24/wrml-2014-11-24-triclabendazole-resistant-liver-fluke-in-new-england-nsw-etc/
More information:
* http://www.wormboss.com.au/programs/tablelands-slopes/appendices/liver-fluke-control.php
* http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/sheep/health/liverfluke-disease-sheep-cattle

Nodule worm – revised NSW DPI PrimeFact

The revised edition, which includes mention of Dr KM Dash, the ‘father of WormKill’, is now on-line:

Australian survey on farmer parasite management practices

This is not new information, but it is worthwhile revisiting or at least book-marking.




Clunies Ross drench gun

A couple of years ago, Tony Lisle, who was the technical officer for famous Australian parasitologists, Ian Barger, and Hugh McL Gordon before him, showed me the Clunies Ross drench gun (which I photographed). This was just before Tony took it to its new home with parasitologist David Emory at the University of Sydney.

Clunies Ross Gun-in care of Tony Lisle. photo-S Love.20140514. 002

Tony tells me that Hugh Gordon, then at CSIRO‘s McMaster Laboratory next to the Sydney Uni vet school, presented this inscribed drench gun to Ian Clunies Ross on his retirement.  After Clunies Ross died, his family gave it back to Hugh Gordon for safekeeping.  It then passed into the care of various other people in CSIRO, including Leo Le Jambre, and more recently Tony Lisle.

From the Macquarie Dictionary

CluniesRoss/kluniz-ˈrɒs/ (say kloohneez-‘ros)

noun 1.  Sir (William) Ian, 1899–1959, Australian veterinary scientist; involved especially in research.

2.  John, Scottish seaman; founded a settlement on the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in 1827, establishing hereditary rule on the islands, which lasted until 1978.

“Ian Clunies-Ross studied veterinary science at the University of Sydney. After postgraduate work in England he returned to the university, where he was professor of veterinary science (1940–46) until his appointment to the executive of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Later this reconstituted body became the CSIRO and Clunies-Ross became the first chairman, retaining the position until his death. He was the writer of more than 60 research papers and was honoured by many institutions”.


ParaBoss News is now being sent in two editions:

  • Feature Articles arrive mid-month
  • State Outlooks arrive late month

Subscribe here: http://www.paraboss.com.au/news.php

Understanding your brain can make you calmer, much more productive

Article at Mercola.

Summary:  “In closing, Dr. Compernolle’s advice can be summarized into the following “Three Commandments,” plus a very strong fourth recommendation:
  1. Ruthlessly, radically eradicate multitasking 
  2. Disconnect from electronic media to reflect — to use your thinking brain 
  3. Disconnect to have a break; a break for your reflecting brain to recuperate and for your archiving brain to archive 
  4. Never ever use your phone while driving.

The story at a ­glance:

Multitasking effectively is neurologically impossible for our thinking brain. The rest of our brain is continuously multitasking. Different parts of your brain have different characteristics, governing reflex­, reflective­, and archival activities. Your brain cannot multitask in reflective mode

To boost your productivity, batch process your emails, at most four times per day; avoid CC’ing people and avoid “Reply to All”; and understand you do not have to answer all emails

Regularly disconnecting from your electronic communications devices is critical, to give your brain time to recuperate and archive information. Taking time for your brain to “do nothing” can boost your productivity.

Star Wars: every scene from I-VI charted


“Star Wars has been called a “space opera” or a “space western” — but what’s the true shape of this cult story that happened “a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away”?

By Katie Franklin, Simon Elvery and Ben Spraggon

“In the lead-up to the release of new Star Wars movie The Force Awakens, we set out to log and map out every scene from every Star Wars movie.Yes, we even watched the prequels.

We were inspired in this endeavour by xkcd’s hand-drawn movie narrative charts, but our mission was to write code that could adequately replace artist Randall Munroe’s illustrations.

The charts below show all the scenes from the first six Star Wars movies, mapping out interactions between the characters. The horizontal axis represents time and vertical groupings are based on how regularly characters interact.

If you’re having trouble understanding them, use the force.”

I like xkcd’s hand-drawn charts (e.g. of ‘Lord of the Rings’) better.

From the opening part of the Star Wars VII movie: “Luke Ste  Skywalker has vanished..”  Maybe he is just on leave.

Star Wars and worms

Douglas Adams (“Hitch-hikers Guide to the Galaxy” etc), said the Force was like duct tape: it has a light side and dark side and it holds the universe together.

What about worms? Well in some ways worms can be ‘forces for good’,  e.g. in some cases worm infections can modulate the immune system of human hosts to, for example, reduce immune reactivity in the case of allergies, and moderate the immune response in ulcerative colitis, and in coeliac disease.

Local Land Services outperforms DPI?

LLS outperforms DPI in blood donation challenge

Too busy for recreational reading?

Read abridged classics. See here.



E&OE (esp. egregious errors)


WRML: cost of worms-paraboss tech workshop-gluten-paper vs screen-pink balls and colour blindness

In this issue:

  • Cost of worms – Australian sheep industry
  • ParaBoss Tech Workshop – Coffs Harbour, March 2016
  • Gluten
  • Reading and writing on paper best?
  • Pink balls and colour blindness
  • Richie Benaud – lamb – Australia Day 2015

Cost of worms – Australian sheep industry

From ParaBoss News, December 2015


‘The cost of worms to the sheep industry is estimated to be $436M: annual production losses of $342M and treatment/preventative costs of $94M. Priority list of endemic diseases for the red meat industries.

So, the visible or obvious cost ($94M) is ~ 22% of the total cost, whereas the biggest cost (~78%) – production losses – are largely invisible, unless deliberately measured. (“If you don’t measure it, you can’t manage it”).

Likewise, worms themselves are more or less invisible, and so is drench resistance, unless you deliberately test for it.

Parasitic diseases are generally the most important health problem of grazing livestock but, like many other important things in life, they rarely scream for attention.

ParaBoss Technical Forum – Coffs Harbour NSW March 2016

pboss tech forum march 2016

‘BOOK by 22 January 2016: email deb@paraboss.com.au

…however, book flights asap to avoid missing out’.

More information:


Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders: People Shall Not Live by Bread Alone?

Alessio Fasano – Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders: People Shall Not Live by Bread Alone – YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvfTV57iPUY       Very interesting.

From wiki: Alessio Fasano is an Italian medical doctor, pediatric gastroenterologist and researcher. He holds the W. Allan Walker Chair of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. Furthermore he is Vice Chair of Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research and Division Chief of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at the MassGeneral Hospital for Children in Boston.

He has made major contributions to the understanding of autoimmune diseases, in particular coeliac disease.’  

Coeliac disease: the clinical chameleon.

Reading and writing on paper can be better for your brain?


Pink ball in cricket and colour blindness


The article says 25% of people have some degree of colourblindness. Take the test for colour blindness.

‘Richie Benaud will not Lamb alone this Australia Day’

An ‘oldie but a goodie’. The MLA-sponsored lamb promotion advertisement for Australia Day (26 January) last year:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpZhJcZD2H4

Some of this will be lost on those not familiar with Australian culture, history and cricket. Who, for example, is Bill Birmingham? Billy Birmingham is ‘an Australian humourist and sometime sports journalist, most noted for his parodies of Australian cricket commentary in recordings under The Twelfth Man name’. As for Ned Kelly, coeliac disease, in the past at least, has been thought to be more prevalent in those of Celtic origin, despite the ‘sledging’ (in the video) by nardoo (ngardu)-eating Burke and Wills.

Sadly Richie Benaud died 10 April 2015, shortly after this video was first aired.

Sam Kekovich Australia Day (we love our lamb) ads:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZtWVJikNnx4&list=PL7RgGl9hEueV6hbImDyik3t_8jV2hhA5h



Night herons.